Bucks has an active applied research community covering a wide range of discipline areas. Activities are undertaken nationally, within European programmes and internationally. Our professional networks support generation of impact from our research activities. Some example Impact case studies from research undertaken at Bucks are shown below.
Professor Florin Ioras and Dr ioan Dutca
Research conducted at Bucks on the impact of effective natural resources management has resulted in international action to mitigate climate change. Our research demonstrated that decarbonisation approaches in the wood related sector combined with effective measure of biomass leads to positive mitigation impacts in climate change. In light of these findings, the Malaysian Government, Ghanaian Government, European Islands Authorities and Romanian Government have amended their national policies to motivate landowners, wood-based resource users, to include mandatory Monitoring Reporting and Verification criteria. In partnership with businesses in European Islands, Ghana, Romania and Malaysia, Bucks researchers co-established carbon mitigating plans. These resulted in an investment of £2.5 million which achieved decarbonisation of rubberwood sawmilling in Malaysia, decarbonisation of coastal Tourism in European Islands and protection of 200,000 hectares of forest in Romania and 400,000 hectares in Ghana. Our research underpinned a natural resources based climate mitigation scheme resulting in the investment of an additional £1.4 million in decarbonisation initiatives.
Ioras, Florin, Ratnasingam, Jega, Ramasamy, Geetha, Kaner, Jake and Wenming, Lu (2012) Production potential of rubberwood in Malaysia: Its economic challenges. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 40 (2). pp. 317-322. ISSN 0255-965X
Dutcă, Ioan, Negrutiu, Filofteia, Ioras, Florin, Maher, Kevin, Blujdea, Viorel and Ciuvăt, Liviu Alexandru (2014) The Influence of Age, Location and Soil Conditions on the Allometry of Young Norway Spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) Trees. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 42 (2). pp. 579-582. ISSN 1842-4309
Dutcă, Ioan (2019) The Variation Driven by Differences between Species and between Sites in Allometric Biomass Models. Forest Ecology and Management (10). ISSN 1999-4907
Dutcă, Ioan, Stăncioiu, Petru Tudor, Abrudan, Ioan Vasile and Ioras, Florin (2018) Using clustered data to develop biomass allometric models: The consequences of ignoring the clustered data structure. PloS one, 13 (8). e0200123. ISSN 1932-6203
Dutcă, Ioan, Mather, Richard, Blujdea, Viorel N.B., Ioras, Florin, Olari, Mănăilă and Abrudan, Ioan Vasile (2018) Site-effects on biomass allometric models for early growth plantations of Norway spruce ( Picea abies (L.) Karst.). Biomass and Bioenergy, 116. pp. 8-17. ISSN 09619534
Ab Latib, Hazirah, Cheong, Lum Wai, Halis, Rasmina, Mahamad, Roslan Mohamad, Kasim, Lee Yan Yi, Jegatheswaran, Ratnasingam and Ioras, Florin (2019) The Prospects of Wooden Building Construction in Malaysia: current State of Affairs. BioResources. ISSN 1930-2126
Dr Paul Morgan
Psychological resilience represents an important phenomenon that explains the development of people who positively adapt to adverse events. Through our research we have demonstrated that the ability of teams, including athletes and coaches, to withstand stressors is a prerequisite for sporting excellence. We therefore sought to provide practitioners with a framework and a series of interventions to develop team resilience at the highest levels of sport.
Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David and Sarkar, Mustafa (2019) Developing Team Resilience: A Season-long Study of Psychosocial Enablers and Strategies in a High-Level Sports Team. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 45. ISSN 1469-0202 (In Press)
Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David and Sarkar, Mustafa (2017) Recent developments in team resilience research in elite sport. Current Opinion in Psychology, 16. pp. 159-164. ISSN 2352-250X
Decroos, Steven, Lines, Robin LJ, Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David, Sarkar, Mustafa, Fransen, Katrien, Boen, Filip and Vande Broek, Gert (2017) Development and validation of the Characteristics of Resilience in Sports Teams Inventory. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 6 (2). pp. 158-178. ISSN 2157-3905
Worth, Piers, Bradley, Scott and Morgan, Paul BC (2016) Strengths-based approaches and resilience development: a perspective from sport psychology. AI Practitioner.
Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David and Sarkar, Mustafa (2015) Understanding team resilience in the world's best athletes: A case study of a rugby union World Cup winning team. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 16 (1). pp. 91-100. ISSN 1469-0202
Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David and Sarkar, Mustafa (2013) Defining and characterizing team resilience in elite sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14 (4). pp. 549-559. ISSN 14690292
Dr Ben Clayton
The UK government are increasingly using sport and physical activity to achieve a wide range of health, wellbeing, and community policy objectives. Community coaches, small charitable and local government organisations, and other volunteers in sport, play a crucial role in realising these goals as the policy enactors at the coalface, and yet we know very little about the everyday realities and challenges of ‘doing’ policy. Building on this, we have conducted extensive research into the experiences of these pivotal policy actors to create a knowledge base that might be used to better prepare community sport workers to deliver on policy or simply bring about positive change to their lives and the lives of others.
Ives, B., Clayton, B., Brittain, I. and Mackintosh, C. (2019) ‘I’ll always find a perfectly justified reason for not doing it’: Challenges for disability sport and physical activity in the United Kingdom. Sport in Society. pp. 1-19. ISSN 1743-0445
Ives, Ben and Clayton, Ben (2017) Motivations and Challenges for Disability Sport and Physical Activity in Buckinghamshire. Project Report. Buckinghamshire New University.
Professor Margaret Greenfields
This case study pertains to a substantial body of work at both policy and practice level with a particular focus on the health and wellbeing of Gypsy, Traveller and Roma populations in the UK. Professor Greenfields’ work in this area ranges from convening policy focused seminars which have drawn together EU and UK experts on the health inequalities experienced by these populations; the provision of expert evidence to the Department of Health, Inclusion Health team (underpinned by commissioned research); membership of expert advisory panels for Department of Health commissioned research; the delivery of training to health professionals working with vulnerable groups and engagement with both select committees and members of the House of Commons and Lords. Research has been utilised her research to scrutinise outcomes associated with the UK National Roma Integration Strategy and associated health policy interventions. As a result of recognition in this field, she is also regularly invited to speak to health practitioners working with members of these communities who may be particularly vulnerable to health exclusion.
Greenfields, Margaret and Brindley, Matthew (2016) Impact of insecure accommodation and the living environment on Gypsies’ and Travellers’ health. Project Report. The Traveller Movement.
Greenfields, Margaret (2017) Good practice in working with Gypsy, Traveller and Roma communities. Primary Health Care, 27 (10). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0264-5033
Greenfields, Margaret, Cemlyn, Sarah and Berlin, Jenni (2015) Bridging the Gap between Academics and Policy Makers: Gypsy, Traveller and Roma Health and Social Work Engagement. [Report]
Professor Colin Martin
The 10-item Birth-Satisfaction-Scale-Revised (BSS-R) is a psychometrically valid and reliable birth satisfaction measure developed by Professor Colin Martin. Derived from a thematic review of the literature and an exhaustive psychometric process to select the best performing items from a long-form version (BSS), the BSS-R measures three domains of birth satisfaction:
- Quality of care provision (birth environment, sufficient support, relationships with health care professionals) (4-items).
- Personal attributes (ability to cope during labour, feeling in control) (2-items).
- Stress experienced during labour (obstetric injuries, long labour, distress experienced during labour) (4-items).
After extensive testing and analysis, the key measurement parameters of the BSS-R were established and found to be robust and reliable. The BSS-R provides a reliable and practical tool to assess the birth experience and identify areas for improvement and optimisation, in addition to providing clinically-valuable insights into the impact of specific clinical interventions on birth experience.
The BSS-R has become the ‘gold standard’ measure of birth experience, selected by experts as the key index of birth experience in the International Consortium for Health Outcome Measures (ICHOM) Pregnancy and Childbirth Standard Set. Widely translated and in use in over 30 countries, the BSS-R has been utilised by both researchers and clinicians alike. Currently, over 100 investigations are underway using the BSS-R to foster and evaluate evidence-based maternity care, with 18 studies thus far reporting findings. Numerous translation/validation studies have been conducted and published including the United States, Greek, Australian, Turkish,Spanish, Israeli, Italian and Iranian versions.
Use of the BSS-R has included:
- Evaluation of birth satisfaction in relation to stress, anxiety, control and breast-feeding self-efficacy.
- Application as a key outcome measure in a large randomised-controlled multi-site trial in Sweden to assess women’s intranatal satisfaction at 2-months post having a lateral episiotomy or no episiotomy.
- Evaluation of the effectiveness of the Early Labour Lounge (ELL) in a community hospital in north-eastern US.
- The Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia has implemented its use across all of the delivery suites in Saudi Arabia for the purpose of improving standards of intranatal care.
- Further evidence of both impact and innovation in the use of the BSS-R can be found in the development of a 6-item short-form version, BSS-R Indicator (BSS-RI) 5.3 which formed an integral part of the 2015 National Maternity Survey (NMS) for England and Wales5.4 to measure women’s satisfaction with maternity services. Successful application of the BSS-RI in the 2015 NMS led to the adoption of the BSS-R in the 2018 National maternity care report.
Professor Martin continues to work on developing the BSS-R for innovative application in diverse clinical and research contexts, including the development of non-English language versions
The International Consortium for Health Outcome Measurement. (2016). Pregnancy and Childbirth Standard Set and Reference Guide. Retrieved from http://www.ichom.org/medical-conditions/pregnancy-and-childbirth/
Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina, Fleming, Susan, Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2015) Psychometric properties of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) for US mothers. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 33 (5). pp. 504-511. ISSN 0264-6838
Fleming, Susan E., Donovan-Batson, Colleen, Burduli, Ekaterina, Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina, Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2016) Birth Satisfaction Scale/Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS/BSS-R): A large scale United States planned home birth and birth centre survey. Midwifery, 41. pp. 9-15. ISSN 02666138
Göncü Serhatlıoğlu, Seda, Karahan, Nazan, Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2018) Construct and content validity of the Turkish Birth Satisfaction Scale – Revised (T-BSS-R). Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 36 (3). pp. 235-245. ISSN 1469-672X
Hollins Martin, Caroline J and Martin, Colin R. (2014) Development and psychometric properties of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R). Midwifery, 30 (6). pp. 610-619. ISSN 1532-3099
Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2015) A survey of women’s birth experiences in Scotland using the Birth Satisfaction Scale (BSS). European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, 3 (4). pp. 478-486.
Martin, C.R., Vardavaki, Z. and Hollins Martin, C.J. (2018) Measurement equivalence of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R): Further evidence of construct validity. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology.
Vardavaki, Zoi, Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2015) Construct and content validity of the Greek version of the Birth Satisfaction Scale (G-BSS). Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 33 (5). pp. 488-503. ISSN 0264-6838