Research Impact

Bucks has an active applied research community covering a wide range of discipline areas. Activities are undertaken nationally, within European programmes and internationally. Our professional networks support generation of impact from our research activities. Some example Impact case studies from research undertaken at Bucks are shown below.

Dr Paul Morgan

Psychological resilience represents an important phenomenon that explains the development of people who positively adapt to adverse events. Through our research we have demonstrated that the ability of teams, including athletes and coaches, to withstand stressors is a prerequisite for sporting excellence.   We therefore sought to provide practitioners with a framework and a series of interventions to develop team resilience at the highest levels of sport.

Key references

Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David and Sarkar, Mustafa (2019) Developing Team Resilience: A Season-long Study of Psychosocial Enablers and Strategies in a High-Level Sports Team. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 45. ISSN 1469-0202 (In Press)

Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David and Sarkar, Mustafa (2017) Recent developments in team resilience research in elite sport. Current Opinion in Psychology, 16. pp. 159-164. ISSN 2352-250X

Decroos, Steven, Lines, Robin LJ, Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David, Sarkar, Mustafa, Fransen, Katrien, Boen, Filip and Vande Broek, Gert (2017) Development and validation of the Characteristics of Resilience in Sports Teams Inventory. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 6 (2). pp. 158-178. ISSN 2157-3905

Worth, Piers, Bradley, Scott and Morgan, Paul BC (2016) Strengths-based approaches and resilience development: a perspective from sport psychology. AI Practitioner.

Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David and Sarkar, Mustafa (2015) Understanding team resilience in the world's best athletes: A case study of a rugby union World Cup winning team. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 16 (1). pp. 91-100. ISSN 1469-0202

Morgan, Paul BC, Fletcher, David and Sarkar, Mustafa (2013) Defining and characterizing team resilience in elite sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14 (4). pp. 549-559. ISSN 14690292

Dr Ben Clayton

The UK government are increasingly using sport and physical activity to achieve a wide range of health, wellbeing, and community policy objectives.  Community coaches, small charitable and local government organisations, and other volunteers in sport, play a crucial role in realising these goals as the policy enactors at the coalface, and yet we know very little about the everyday realities and challenges of ‘doing’ policy.  Building on this, we have conducted extensive research into the experiences of these pivotal policy actors to create a knowledge base that might be used to better prepare community sport workers to deliver on policy or simply bring about positive change to their lives and the lives of others.

Key references

Ives, B., Clayton, B., Brittain, I. and Mackintosh, C. (2019) ‘I’ll always find a perfectly justified reason for not doing it’: Challenges for disability sport and physical activity in the United Kingdom. Sport in Society. (in press)

Ives, Ben and Clayton, Ben (2017) Motivations and Challenges for Disability Sport and Physical Activity in Buckinghamshire. Project Report. Buckinghamshire New University.

Professor Margaret Greenfields

This case study pertains to a substantial body of work at both policy and practice level with a particular focus on the health and wellbeing of Gypsy, Traveller and Roma populations in the UK. Professor Greenfields’ work in this area ranges from convening policy focused seminars which have drawn together EU and UK experts on the health inequalities experienced by these populations; the provision of expert evidence to the Department of Health, Inclusion Health team (underpinned by commissioned research); membership of expert advisory panels for Department of Health commissioned research; the delivery of training to health professionals working with vulnerable groups and engagement with both select committees and members of the House of Commons and Lords. Research has been utilised her research to scrutinise outcomes associated with the UK National Roma Integration Strategy and associated health policy interventions. As a result of recognition in this field, she is also regularly invited to speak to health practitioners working with members of these communities who may be particularly vulnerable to health exclusion.

Key references

Greenfields, Margaret and Brindley, Matthew (2016) Impact of insecure accommodation and the living environment on Gypsies’ and Travellers’ health. Project Report. The Traveller Movement.

Greenfields, Margaret (2017) Good practice in working with Gypsy, Traveller and Roma communities. Primary Health Care, 27 (10). pp. 24-29. ISSN 0264-5033

Greenfields, Margaret, Cemlyn, Sarah and Berlin, Jenni (2015) Bridging the Gap between Academics and Policy Makers: Gypsy, Traveller and Roma Health and Social Work Engagement. [Report]

Professor Colin Martin

The Birth Satisfaction Scale – Revised (BSS-R) was developed by Hollins Martin and Martin (2014) as a 10 item multi-dimensional self-report measure of birth satisfaction for use in the maternity care and perinatal setting.  Developed from the 30-item birth satisfaction scale (Hollins Martin and Fleming, 2011), the BSS-R assesses three dimensions of birth satisfaction:

  1. quality of care
  2. stress experienced during labour
  3. women’s personal attributes

The BSS-R scale is a psychometrically robust, reliable and clinically useful assessment measure of birth satisfaction.  The BSS-R is being increasingly used internationally as an easy to administer, valid and theoretically coherent measure of birth satisfaction.  An important development of the BSS-R was the validation of the tool within the United States (Barbosa-Leiker et al., 2015) which revealed the instrument to perform extremely well in terms of measurement characteristics, thus emphasising the transferability of the theoretical underpinnings of the BSS-R to a fundamentally different health economy and context.  The US study offered convincing evidence that the UK and US versions of the BSS-R had conceptual congruence and thus meaningful comparisons can be made between UK and US-based mothers on the BSS-R total and sub-scale scores with confidence and without concern for systematic confound within the instrument.

The BSS-R has also been translated into the Greek language by Vardavaki et al. (2015) and this version of the tool, consistent with the English-language versions of the tool, demonstrated exemplary measurement characteristics.  This observation of comparability between this translated version and the UK and US versions is all the more remarkable given the logographic characteristics of Greek language.  A Turkish version of the original long-scale Birth Satisfaction Scale has recently been published (Cetin et al. 2015) which contain all 10-items of the BSS-R using a statistical approach and methodological framework to validation largely following that used in the development of the BSS-R.

The robustness of the BSS-R with respect to measurement characteristics has also been demonstrated by a sophisticated statistical comparison of the datasets from the original UK language dataset and the Greek-language version dataset which demonstrates measurement equivalence across languages (Martin et al., 2018).  A further large study on the BSS-R is currently underway in the United States and an abbreviated version of the BSS-R has been incorporated into the recent National Maternity Survey completed by a representative sample of several thousand new mothers in the UK.

Key references

Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina, Fleming, Susan, Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2015) Psychometric properties of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) for US mothers. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 33 (5). pp. 504-511. ISSN 0264-6838

Fleming, Susan E., Donovan-Batson, Colleen, Burduli, Ekaterina, Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina, Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2016) Birth Satisfaction Scale/Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS/BSS-R): A large scale United States planned home birth and birth centre survey. Midwifery, 41. pp. 9-15. ISSN 02666138

Göncü Serhatlıoğlu, Seda, Karahan, Nazan, Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2018) Construct and content validity of the Turkish Birth Satisfaction Scale – Revised (T-BSS-R). Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 36 (3). pp. 235-245. ISSN 1469-672X

Hollins Martin, Caroline J and Martin, Colin R. (2014) Development and psychometric properties of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R). Midwifery, 30 (6). pp. 610-619. ISSN 1532-3099

Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2015) A survey of women’s birth experiences in Scotland using the Birth Satisfaction Scale (BSS). European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, 3 (4). pp. 478-486.

Martin, C.R., Vardavaki, Z. and Hollins Martin, C.J. (2018) Measurement equivalence of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R): Further evidence of construct validity. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology.

Vardavaki, Zoi, Hollins Martin, Caroline J. and Martin, Colin R. (2015) Construct and content validity of the Greek version of the  Birth Satisfaction Scale (G-BSS). Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 33 (5). pp. 488-503. ISSN 0264-6838

Professor Florin Ioras

The team has conducted research on climate change impact on SMEs in wood related sector and European islands in partnership with the European Union Erasmus Multilateral Projects programme, H2020 and Cost. The developed practices were used to enhance SMEs readiness to deliver, through innovative decision-making support tools, downscaled and accurate information to policy makers, practitioners and other relevant stakeholders, about the environmental and socio-economic consequences of Climate Change. The modelling has supported environmentally friendly decision making and had impacted on production and employment.

Key references

Environment projects at Bucks